Ansible HelloWorld tutorial

Ansible is an automation engine that automates cloud provisioning, configuration management, application deployment, intra-service orchestration, and many other IT needs.

Ansible works by connecting to your nodes and pushing out small programs, called "Ansible Modules" to them. These programs are written to be resource models of the desired state of the system. Ansible then executes these modules (over SSH by default), and removes them when finished.

In this HelloWorld example we will show how to execute some basic commands remotely using Ansible. The following steps are needed:

1) Install ansible

The installation is detailed at this link:

For most Linux users a yum install will be enough:

$ sudo yum install ansible

2) Install SSH keys on remote hosts

In most cases, you will need provisioning remote machines via SSH, hence you have to generate a key on your machine, if you don't have one already:

$ ssh-keygen -t rsa

Go through the list of question. For a proof of concept, and if you are not concerned about security, you can just hit several times.

3) Copy ssh keys on the remote host

You can use the ssh-copy-id command which will store your public key in the server's authorized keys.

$ ssh-copy-id This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..1

After doing this, you should be able to log in just by running:

$ ssh This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..1

4) Test ansible

Now you can test access to ansible via ssh. For example you want a list of Java process running on the remote machine Execute ansible by passing as argument the IP address of the target server (where we have installed the keys), the username and the module (-m) to execute, in our case the shell:

$ ansible all -i ',' -u username -m shell -a "ps -ef | grep java"

jboss    14932  9578 66 Apr10 ?        18:00:03 /space/jboss/jdk1.6.0_37/bin/java -XX:PermSize=256m -XX:MaxPermSize=256m -Xms2048m -Xmx2048m - -Djboss.domain.master.address= -Djava.awt.headless=true -Djboss.modules.system.pkgs=org.jboss.byteman,com.wily.introscope -Duser.language=it -D[Host -Djboss.home.dir=/space/jboss/jboss-eap-6.2 -Djboss.domain.master.port=9999 -Djboss.path.conf=/space/jboss/conf -Djboss.server.log.dir=/space/jboss/jboss-eap-6.2/domain/servers/denuncia-server4/log -Djboss.server.temp.dir=/space/jboss/jboss-eap-6.2/domain/servers/denuncia-server4/tmp -Dlogging.configuration=file:/space/jboss/jboss-eap-6.2/domain/servers/denuncia-server4/data/ -jar /space/jboss/jboss-eap-6.2/jboss-modules.jar -mp /space/jboss/jboss-eap-6.2/modules/:/space/jboss/jboss-eap-6.2/modules/application/it/inail/ -jaxpmodule javax.xml.jaxp-provider

Congratulations! You have just executed your first Remote Ansible access!


Cookie Alert